Bharatanatyam is a major genre of Indian classical dance that originated in Tamil Nadu. Traditionally, Bharatanatyam has been a solo dance that was performed exclusively by women, and expressed Hindu religious themes and spiritual ideas, particularly of Shaivism, but also of Vaishnavism and Shaktism. Bharatanatyam may be the oldest classical dance tradition of India. Bharatanatyam style is noted for its fixed upper torso, legs bent or knees flexed out combined with spectacular footwork, a sophisticated vocabulary of sign language based on gestures of hands, eyes and face muscles. The dance is accompanied by music and a singer, and typically her guru is present as the director and conductor of the performance and art. The dance has traditionally been a form of an interpretive narration of mythical legends and spiritual ideas from the Hindu texts. The performance repertoire of Bharatanatyam, like other classical dances, includes nrita (pure dance), nritya (solo expressive dance) and natya (group dramatic dance).
Bollywood Dances or Hindi Dance Music are a wide range of songs predominantly featured in the Bollywood film industry with a growing worldwide attraction. Bollywood dances have evolved as a unique and energetic style. Since they are group dances, they are often used as joyful exercise music. The choreography of Bollywood dances takes inspiration from Indian folk dances, classical dances (like kathak) as well as disco and from earlier Hindi filmi dances.
A folk-dance originating in the Indian state of Punjab, Bhangra reflects Sikh and Punjabi culture and traditions. Traditionally, the dance was used to display achievement and joy as it was popular in rural, agricultural regions after harvesting crops. Due to its highly energetic nature, Bhangra is often used for intense workout routines. Although found in Sikh and Punjabi culture, weddings, and celebrations, nowadays, it is often seen incorporated with Bollywood films and other hip-hop fusions. Not only a way to stay fit and healthy, Bhangra is a dance filled with happiness and joy used for almost any occasion.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia. It has since become a widespread, highly technical form of dance. It has been globally influential and has defined the foundational techniques used in many other dance genres/cultures. Ballet has been taught in various schools around the world, which have historically incorporated their own cultures to evolve the art.
Indian folk dances are simple dances, and are performed to express joy and happiness among themselves. Folk dances are performed for every possible occasion, to celebrate the arrival of seasons, birth of a child, a wedding and festivals. The dances are extremely simple with minimum of steps or movement and burst with verve and vitality. Men and women perform some dances exclusively, while in some performances men and women dance together. The skill and the imagination of the dances influence the performance.
Carnatic music is a system of music commonly associated with southern India. The main emphasis in Carnatic music is on vocal music; most compositions are written to be sung, and even when played on instruments. Although there are stylistic differences, the basic elements of śruti (the relative musical pitch), swara (the musical sound of a single note), rāga (the mode or melodic formulæ), and tala (the rhythmic cycles) form the foundation of composition Carnatic music. Carnatic music is usually performed by a small ensemble of musicians, consisting of a principal performer (usually a vocalist), a melodic accompaniment (usually a violin), a rhythm accompaniment (usually a mridangam), and a tambura, which acts as a drone throughout the performance.